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在Python中使用异步Socket编程性能测试

来源:CDA数据分析师 | 发布时间:2018-07-10 06:52:57

在Python中使用异步Socket编程性能测试

异步网络据说能极大的提高网络server的连接速度,所以打算写一个专题,来学习和了解异步网络.因为Python有个非常出名的异步Lib:Twisted,所以就用Python来完成.
OK,首先写一个python socket的server段,对开放三个端口:10000,10001,10002.krondo的例子中是每个server绑定一个端口,测试的时候需要分别开3个shell,分别运行.这太麻烦了,就分别用三个Thread来运行这些services.    
import optparse
import os
import socket
import time
from threading import Thread
import StringIO
   
txt = '''1111
2222
3333
4444
'''
   
  def server(listen_socket):
  while True:
    buf = StringIO.StringIO(txt)
    sock, addr = listen_socket.accept()
    print 'Somebody at %s wants poetry!' % (addr,)
    while True:
        try:
          line = buf.readline().strip()
          if not line:
            sock.close()
            break
          sock.sendall(line) # this is a blocking call
          print 'send bytes to client:%s' % line
          #sock.close()
        except socket.error:
          sock.close()
          break
        time.sleep(1) #server和client连接后,server会故意每发送一个单词后等待一秒钟后再发送另一个单词
   
  def main():
  ports = [10000, 10001, 10002]
  for port in ports:
    listen_socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    listen_socket.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
    addres = (str('127.0.0.1'), port)
    listen_socket.bind(addres)
    listen_socket.listen(5)
    print "start listen at:%s" % (port,)
    worker = Thread(target = server, args = [listen_socket])
    worker.setDaemon(True)
    worker.start()
   
  if __name__ == '__main__':
  main()
  while True:
    time.sleep(0.1) #如果不sleep的话,CPU会被Python完全占用了
    pass
下面是一个client,没有才用异步网络,连接这个三个端口的server:    
import socket
   
   
if __name__ == '__main__':
  ports = [10000, 10001, 10002]
  for port in ports:
    address = (str('127.0.0.1'), port)
    sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    sock.connect(address)
    poem = ''
    while True:
      data = sock.recv(4)
      if not data:
        sock.close()
        break
      poem += data
    print poem

下面用异步的client来读取,代码如下:    
import datetime, errno, optparse, select, socket
   
def connect(port):
  """Connect to the given server and return a non-blocking socket."""
  address = (str('127.0.0.1'), port)
  sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
  sock.connect(address)
  sock.setblocking(0)
  return sock
   
def format_address(address):
  host, port = address
  return '%s:%s' % (host or '127.0.0.1', port)
   
if __name__ == '__main__':
  ports = [10000, 10001, 10002]
  start = datetime.datetime.now()
   
  sockets = map(connect, ports)
  poems = dict.fromkeys(sockets, '') # socket -> accumulated poem  
   
  # socket -> task numbers
  sock2task = dict([(s, i + 1) for i, s in enumerate(sockets)])
  sockets = list(sockets) # make a copy
   
  while sockets:
    #运用select来确保那些可读取的异步socket可以立即开始读取IO
    #OS不停的搜索目前可以read的socket,有的话就返回rlist
    rlist, _, _ = select.select(sockets, [], [])
    for sock in rlist:
      data = ''
      while True:
        try:
          new_data = sock.recv(1024)
        except socket.error, e:
          if e.args[0] == errno.EWOULDBLOCK:
            break
          raise
        else:
          if not new_data:
            break
          else:
            print new_data
            data += new_data
   
      task_num = sock2task[sock]
      if not data:
        sockets.remove(sock)
        sock.close()
        print 'Task %d finished' % task_num
      else:
        addr_fmt = format_address(sock.getpeername())
        msg = 'Task %d: got %d bytes of poetry from %s'
        print msg % (task_num, len(data), addr_fmt)
   
      poems[sock] += data
   
  elapsed = datetime.datetime.now() - start
  print 'Got poems in %s' % elapsed
结果只需要4秒就完成了读取任务。效率是刚才同步socket的三倍。对客户端的异步改造主要有两点:
同步模式下,客户端分别创建socket;而在异步模式下,client开始就创建了所有的socket。
通过“sock.setblocking(0)”设置socket为异步模式。
通过Unix系统的select俩返回可读取IO
最为核心的是26行和29行。尤其是29行的select操作返回待读取socket的列表。

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